terça-feira, 24 de maio de 2016

2nd Semester: Paris (France)

 The country (France)


France flag - Read more

France, in Western Europe, encompasses medieval and port cities, tranquil villages, mountains and Mediterranean beaches. Paris, its capital, is known worldwide for its couture fashion houses, classical art museums including the Louvre and monuments like the Eiffel Tower. The country is also renowned for its sophisticated cuisine and its wines. Lascaux’s ancient cave drawings, Lyon’s Roman theater and the immense Palace of Versailles are testaments to its long history.



France map




Paris

Paris, France's capital, is a major European city and a global center for art, fashion, gastronomy and culture. Its picturesque 19th-century cityscape is crisscrossed by wide boulevards and the River Seine. 


▪ Tourist spots


▪ 
Louvre
Famous Louvre is also one of main symbols of Paris. A former royal palace, starting from 1793 Louvre has been turned into a world-famous museum. It has gained an international fame, and one of main reasons for such a success is great works of art, including "Mona Lisa" and "Venus de Milo", that are exhibited here.

Louvre - Read more

Tuileries
The Tuileries Gardens are located in the immediate vicinity of the Louvre. This is a perfect place for slow walks. In the XVII century, Colbert ordered garden architect Andre Le Notre to make a beautiful park. The garden looks today just the way it looked during those days. 

Tuileries - Read more

Eiffel Tower
iffel Tower built for the World Exhibition in Paris in 1889, has already become a symbol of not only the capital of France, but also, perhaps, the whole country. Visitors are welcome to enjoy spectacular views of Paris from the top of the tower, at a height of 307 meters. 


Eiffel Rower - Read more

Arc de Triomphe
The opposite part of the Champs-Elysees ends at the Arc de Triomphe, the construction of which was started in 1806 by order of Napoleon. This way Napoleon wanted to honor the victorious French army.

Arc de Triomphe - Read more
source: http://www.orangesmile.com/travelguide/paris/index.htm

▪ Cuisine

French cuisine consists of the cooking traditions and practices from France. In the 14th century Guillaume Tirel, a court chef known as "Taillevent", wrote Le Viandier, one of the earliest recipe collections of medieval France. During that time, French cuisine was heavily influenced by Italiancuisine.

Soupe à l'oignon 
This is a traditional French soup made of onions and beef stock, usually served with croutons and cheese on top. Its origins can be traced back to Roman times. However, its current version originated in the 18th century. The remarkable taste of the soup is due to the caramelisation of the onions.

Soup à l'oignon - Read more
Flamiche
Flamiche means cake in Flemish and it originates from Northern France, near the border with Belgium. It is a pie crust filled with cheese and vegetables. The stuffing in the classic recipe is made of leeks. However, there is also a pizza-like version of the Flamiche which is without the top crust of the pie.

Flemiche - Read more
Chocolate souffle
A delicious dessert not to be missed! The crispy chocolate crust with a soft creamy chocolate filling make this sweet delight different than anything you will ever taste.

Souffle - Read more
Wine
France is the place to find the most suitable wine for every palate - from white to rose, and red to champagne. You can drink French wine with your meal, with cheese or while sitting and enjoying the sun at a café. This drink can make you warm in the cold or enrich the taste of the exquisite French cuisine.  

French wine - Read more

source:http://www.expatica.com/fr/insider-views/Top-10-French-foods-with-recipes_106720.html

▪ Habits

Parisians have always been distinguished by gallantry and enthusiasm. They are very generous and trusting. At the same time, many tourists notice such features of local people as cunning and calculation. 


Locals do not treat the Americans the best way possible, so visitors are recommended to learn at least a bit of French before the ride. If residents see a traveler who tries to communicate using their native language, they instantly start respecting this person and are ready to help.


Paris is famous for its colorful celebrations and folk festivals. Various interesting events take place here on New Year's Eve and Christmas. 
June 21 is the day of a prominent music holiday - this event is heavily anticipated by music lovers from different countries of the world. All day long the squares of the city are turned into concert venues, on which are performed free concerts. During the festival you can hear the music of different styles, from classical to contemporary electronic music and rock. 

Bastille Day is a no less interesting holiday, which is celebrated annually on July 14. The first mention of this celebration belongs to 1789. A beautiful military parade is a mandatory attribute of the modern celebration. During this day numerous music and theater performances take place on the streets of Paris. The holiday is finished by grandiose fireworks. 


▪ 50 Things to do in Paris




▪ Music

The music of France reflects a diverse array of styles. In the field of classical music, France has produced a number of prominent romantic composers, while folk and popular music have seen the rise of the chanson and cabaret style. The earliest known sound recording device in the world, the phonautograph, was patented in France by Édouard-Léon Scott de Martinville in 1857. France is also the 5th largest market by value in the world, and its music industry has produced many internationally renowned artists, especially in the nouvelle chanson and electronic music.

quinta-feira, 12 de maio de 2016

2nd Semester: Dublin (Ireland)

 The country (Ireland)


Ireland flag - Read more
Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel. 


Ireland map



Dublin

Dublin, capital of the Republic of Ireland, is on Ireland’s east coast at the mouth of the River Liffey. This city has an impressive history, wide choice of architectural places of interest and multiple entertainments. 


Read more


▪ Tourist spots


▪ Saint Patrick's Cathedral

The cathedral is also known as The National Cathedral and Collegiate Church of Saint Patrick, Dublin, or in the Irish language as Ard-Eaglais Naomh Pádraig, founded in 1191, is the largest church in Ireland and one of Dublin's two Church of Ireland cathedrals. It has a 43-metre (140 feet) spire. Christ Church, the other cathedral, is the diocesan cathedral of the diocese of Dublin and Glendalough.


St. Patrick's Cathedral - Read more
▪ Dublin Castle
The castle was until 1922 the seat of the United Kingdom government's administration in Ireland, and is now a major Irish government complex. Most of it dates from the 18th century, though a castle has stood on the site since the days of King John, the first Lord of Ireland. The Castle served as the seat of English, then later British government of Ireland under the Lordship of Ireland (1171–1541), the Kingdom of Ireland (1541–1800), and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (1800–1922).


Dublin Castle - Read more


Dublin Castle interior
▪  Irish Museum of Modern Art 
The museumis also known as IMMA, is Ireland's leading national institution for the collection and presentation of modern and contemporary art.


IMMA - Read more

▪  Dublin Zoo

Dublin Zoo, in Phoenix Park, Dublin, Dublin Zoo is the largest zoo in Ireland and one of Dublin's most popular attractions. Opened in 1831, the zoo describes its role as conservation, study, and buzzin education.



Dublin Zoo - Read more
▪  National Botanic Gardens
It is Ireland's seventh most visited attraction, and the second most visited free attraction.
The gardens were founded in 1795 by the Dublin Society and they have grown to hold 20,000 living plants and many millions of dried plant specimens. There are several architecturally notable greenhouses. Today the Glasnevin site is the headquarters of the National Botanic Gardens of Ireland which has a satellite garden at Kilmcurragh in county Wicklow. The botanic garden participates in national and international initiatives for biodiversity conservation and sustainable development
It is Ireland's seventh most visited attraction, and the second most visited free attraction.

National Botanic Gardens - Read more
▪  National Concert Hall
The concert hall is located on Earlsfort Terrace close to St. Stephen's Green, and is the principal national venue for classical music concerts in Ireland.
Today the NCH is one of Ireland's National Cultural Institutions, under the aegis of the Irish Government's Department of Arts, Sport and Tourism and, as such, is grant-aided by the Irish Government.
National Concert Hall - Read more
▪ Cuisine

▪  Irish stew
Irish stew is any variety of meat-and-root vegetables stew native to Ireland. As in all traditional folk dishes, the exact recipe is not consistent from time or place to place. Common ingredients include lamb, or mutton as well as potatoesonions, and parsley. It may sometimes also include carrots. Irish stew is also made with kid goat.


Irish stew - Read more
▪  Soda bread
Soda bread is a variety of quick bread traditionally made in a variety of cuisines in which sodium bicarbonate (otherwise known as baking soda) is used as a leavening agent instead of the more common yeast. The ingredients of traditional soda bread are flourbread sodasalt, and buttermilk. Other ingredients can be added such as butter, egg, raisins, or nuts.

Soda bread - Read more
▪  Boiled Bacon and Cabbage

The dish consists of unsliced back bacon boiled with cabbage and potatoes. Sometimes other vegetables such as turnips, onions and carrots are also added. Smoked bacon is sometimes used.
The dish is served with the bacon sliced, and with some of the boiling juices added. Another common accompaniment to the dish is white sauce which generally consists of flour, butter, milk and a herb of some sort (often parsley).

Bacon and Cabbage - Read more

▪  Guinness
Like silk being poured into a glass. The Guinness brand is synonymous with Ireland. In 1759, Arthur Guinness acquired a four acre site and signed a 9,000-year lease for the St. James' Gate Brewery in Dublin. The brewery became well known for brewing “porter,” which was a dark ale. Over the past 250 years, the dark ale has evolved in to an unique dark stout, which is enjoyed across the globe. According to the company, over 10 million glasses of Guinness are enjoyed daily around the world.

Guinness - Read more

▪ Habits
The locals are very proud of their culture and have great respect for travelers who are interested in local traditions and customs. The cultural traditions of Dublin are the result of mix of different cultures. The indigenous people keep following the traditions of their ancestors even these days and do this with pride. The images of Celtic harp and St. Patrick's shamrock are considered the national symbols. They can be seen on many souvenirs and traditional costumes of the locals.



There is even a national color in Dublin - green. During various holidays and festivals the streets of the city are full of cheerful companies of locals dressed in green T-shirts and wearing hats of unusual shapes. Celebratory items of bright green color are sold in numerous stalls, so guests of the city always have an opportunity to purchase a nice costume and go to a holiday celebrations together with townspeople.



National peculiarities have made their impact on such important areas of life as culinary traditions. In addition to unique treats the local restaurants and pubs serve the most favorite national drink - beer, the production of which has taken place there more than for a hundreds of years. 
There are many restaurants and cafes in Dublin, but locals prefer to visit pubs as they simply adore the atmosphere of home-like comfort and hospitality. However, the city has a strict ban on smoking in public places. It will be quite difficult to find a restaurant that has special rooms for smokers in Dublin. Visitors should not forget to comply with applicable regulations and local traditions. This way your rest in the city will be comfortable and interesting. 




▪ St. Patrick's day





sexta-feira, 6 de maio de 2016

1st Project Routine tips

1st day  Brainstorm
Discuss about the project, decide the theme and note everything that can be useful.
Then list the tasks and divide between the members.
Be sure that the tasks are divided iqualy and compatible with the members abilities.



2nd day  Research and save all the content that you find.
After you can filter and separe the useful and important things.
Keep focused!

3rd day  Share and discuss
Listen to your partner's opinion and help with your point of view.

4th day  Built the Power Point presentation/calculations
Now you just need to put everything in slides.
You also might put all the finances in the data sheet for the investor.

If you have never worked with Power Point presentation before, just check this video!



5th day  Review and study
Plan the presentation and study all the content, even if you are not going to present all the parts. The teacher/investor may ask about anything to anyone.

6th day  Rest with clean conscience

2nd Semester: London (England)

 The country (England)




England is a country in the British Isles bordering Scotland and Wales and  is the largest of the four "home nations" that make up the United Kingdom. It is also the most populous of the four with almost 52 million inhabitants (roughly 84% of the total population of the UK). 



England Map





London
The capital of the UK is visited by millions of tourists a year. London is a very old city and also is home to an incredible number of attractions, wonderful old houses, fantastic museums, large and beautiful parks and, of course, the unique British charm. 
 In 43 AD Romans established a settlement on the River Thames. Over the centuries the settlement has grown and has turned into a real metropolis with a population of 7.5 million people (if counting together with London suburbs, then the number is 12 million). Only visits to numerous traditional English pubs, which are so famous in London, will prevent you from estimating the size and glory of the city.

River Thames - Read more 

▪ Tourist spots

▪ Tower Bridge
Without a doubt, Tower Bridge across the Thames is the most famous drawbridge in the world. Contrary to a popular opinion, the bridge has got its name not because of the two towers that adorn the bridge, but because of the nearby Tower of London. 

Tower Bridge - Read more


▪ Tower of London
Tower of London is a whole complex of buildings. During its long history the complex has performed a variety of functions – it was an arsenal, a royal palace, a prison, an observatory and even a mint. 

Tower of London - Read more

▪ St. Paul's Cathedral
St. Paul's Cathedral is the fifth church dedicated to St. Paul, the patron saint of London, built on this site. The first wooden church stood here back in 604 BC. Today's St. Paul's Cathedral  was raised after its predecessor was burnt down in the Great Fire of London in 1666. The construction lasted about 40 years. 

St. Paul's Cathedral - Read more
Big Ben
Big Ben is the nickname for the Great Bell of the clock at the north end of the Palace of Westminster in London, and often extended to refer to the clock and the clock tower. The tower is officially known as Elizabeth Tower, renamed to celebrate the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II in 2012; previously it was known simply as the Clock Tower. 
The tower holds the second largest four-faced chiming clock in the world.  The tower has become one of the most prominent symbols of the United Kingdom and is often in the establishing shot of films set in London.

Elizabeth tower/ Big Ben - Read more


▪ Cuisine

Fish & chips

There’s nothing that says ‘British Food’ like Fish & Chips. Known the world over, this traditional British dish is on the top of any foodie list for visitors to London and the U.K. Although fish & chips is best eaten on the seaside (think Brighton, Blackpool or Whitby) it is possible to get great fish & chips in London. Fish & chips is traditionally eaten with mushy peas and garnished with salt and vinegar! 




Sunday Roast with Yorkshire Pudding

Sunday roast is a true British classic. Traditionally this meal is eaten any time from 12noon to 5pm on Sundays. Although you can get Sunday roast with turkey, beef, pork, chicken, lamb and veggie options – it’s important to always make sure you get your Yorkshire pudding! Traditionally served with beef, Yorkshire puddings a true British classic and can often be added to any Sunday roast order. A traditional roast comes with meat, potatoes, gravy and vegetables and should be so large you find it difficult to walk afterwards!






Full English breakfast

The full English breakfast is a mighty meal! Traditionally, you need to find a dish that incorporates: sausages, eggs, mushrooms, tomatoes, mushrooms, blood pudding, potatoes, and toast. Perfect for a hangover (not that we’d know!), a full English is a great traditional British dish – easy, tasty, and usually inexpensive!



Eton Mess

A simple and delicious dessert, Eton Mess is named after the prestigious boys school of the same name. A fabulous mix of crushed merangue, cream and strawberries, Eton mess is a classic British treat. Keep an eye out for variants made with different kinds of fruit or with ice cream instead of cream – although we believe that the best experience is with the classic strawberry ingredient. 






- See more at: http://www.freetoursbyfoot.com/top-10-british-foods-london/#sthash.7g9hrUUM.dpuf



Tea
Britain is a tea-drinking nation. Every day we drink 165 million cups of the stuff and each year around 144 thousand tons of tea are imported.
Tea in Britain is traditionally brewed in a warmed china teapot, adding one spoonful of tea per person and one for the pot. Most Britons like their tea strong and dark, but with a lot of milk.


▪ Habits

Strict following of rules remains one of main traits of local residents. This is true for absolutely all spheres of life. Londoners are very careful and diligent in work. They are very patient in filling various papers and documents, and carefully follow the traffic rules. 


Any violation of public policies or generally accepted norms can cause frustration and confusion. Local people are very sensitive to nature. While walking in the city, you can hardly see people wearing fur or leather. Even the soldiers of the Royal Guard have been forced to change their uniform and instead of hats made of natural bear fur they now wear hats made of artificial materials.


Citizens are very reluctant to drinking alcoholic beverages. Local stores start selling alcoholic drinks on weekends only after 19.00.  During the week pubs are open throughout the day and have all sorts of things to keep your attention. 


Brits are very polite. Maybe even too polite. British people apologise for everything, and as a foreigner you should do the same to avoid being considered as rude. So if you accidentally step on someone’s toe when the tube is crammed with people – just apologise, even if it’s not your fault.
The words “Please” and “Thank you” are just as important. Whether you ask your friend to pass you the biscuits that are too far away for you to reach or you thank the waitress for serving your food – be friendly, say the “magic words” and you will feel like a real Brit.
▪ Cost of living
Depending on where you are from, the cost of living in London may be much more than in your home country. However this doesn’t mean it is unaffordable, but it is important to plan ahead and ensure that you will have enough money to pay for your tuition fees and living costs throughout your course, before you start. For example, there is a much greater range of shops and supermarkets in London from the very cheap to the very expensive than you would tend to find in smaller towns and cities. There are also several websites devoted to activities you can enjoy for free in London such as Time Out’s London for Free.

▪ Climate
The climate of London is temperate, with modest daily high temperatures during summer and winter lows that seldom fall below freezing. Rainfall is fairly regular, occurring throughout the year. Snow occurs sometimes in winter but rarely settles more than a few millimetres deep.